Møn, 2014

The Mesolithic Age

6800-3900 BCE

The Mesolithic period:

From about 6800 BCE findings tells us that the culture "Maglemosekulturen" was present on Møn. This was a culture which lived of fishing and hunting and lived near good fishing localities on the mainland. Their implements were made of bone and small pieces of flintstone (called "mikrolitter") such as harpoons with very fine flukes, spears of bone with mikrolitter used as edges or flukes and axes made of deerantler. From this period a complete skeleton of an aurochs has been found on Møn. Later "Kongemosekulturen" appeared which developed seemingly independent from the former Maglemose-culture. The Kongemose-culture lived along the coastal line and made implements from flintstone such as: big well-made "splitters", arrows and solid-pointed weapons. Habitation from this culture has been found at Borre Mose. The landscape at that time was rich in hazel bushes, and oak and alder-trees were slowly making their way into the area.

In the period between 5400-3900 BCE the vegetation finally covered the landscape with a completely inaccessible primeval forest which forced the last big animals such as the aurochs and mooses to find new living territories. The human cultures lived along the coast and were called "Ertebøllekulturen". Findings from these cultures have been found around the island, their implements were made of flintstone and rock such as: rough but well-cut axes, chisels, pointed weapons, scrapers and harpoons. Habitations have been found around the eastern part of the island.

Traces of settlements from this period have been found at Svinerumpen (discovered in 1904), at Klosterskov (discovered in 1871 by student Hother Hage), Farø, Kostervig, Sprove Strand and even recordings of a settlement behind "Taleren" at Høje Møn have been made?!

At Kostervig 2 oak boats were also discovered but they were in such a bad condition that they could not be moved without falling apart.

Corrections made: 9/2-2003